International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

African Americans Tackling Obesity through Church-based Interventions
Tiffany McDowell, Edward V. Wallace, Dwight Tillery, Lindsey Cencula

Abstract
Background: The large number of people who are obese in the United States has been observed in all racial, ethnic, gender, and age groups. However, racial and ethnic minority populations are disproportionally affected by obesity and at greater risk for many serious diseases. Purpose: The purpose is to reduce obesity and diabetes in African Americans who are members of faith-based organizations by sustaining and ensuring successful health ministry programs in the greater Cincinnati, Ohio area. Methods: A total of 142 African American females and males participated in a 20-week intervention. The mean age was 55 years. Ninety-seven percent of the participants were overweight/obese and 27% had diabetes. Results: Results of the cohort study showed that during year 2 participants showed better improvement in obesity and diabetic indicators than during year 1. Conclusions: A culturally sensitive Church-based wellness programs could be used to reduce obesity and diabetes in African Americans and sustained in the community.

Full Text: PDF