International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

BUDI1-ISLAM; IT’S ROLE IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF MALAY IDENTITY IN MALAYSIA
Wan Norhasniah Wan Husin

ABSTRACT
The article analyzes the role of Budi-Islam as the source of the Malay community’s cultural and identity construction in Malaysia. Budi-Islam is found to play a significant role in defining ideas, progress and actions by the Malay community. The formation of budi was a natural process, and it was further reinforced by the Malay’s custom (Adat2) and environment which were influenced by values inspired from the nature of sea and ‘spirit’ of paddy. The status of budi was further enhanced through its tie with Islam as both shared many similar principles. The interactions of budi, Islam and geographical influence led to the birth of the Malays’ highly-esteemed social values such as compromise, respect, cooperation, tolerance, forgiveness, modesty, and patience. The percolation of those values was figured based on studies on the Malay community that took into account the aspects of religion, politics and traditions. The objective of this article is to analyze the nexus of budi-Islam in the construction of the Malay identity. To fulfill the study’s objectives, the method employed was library research with the emphasis on textual analysis. The findings from this analysis are crucial as they will reveal factors why the Malays are very tolerant in their dealings with other ethnic communities.

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