International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Causes of Students’ Dropout at Primary Level in Pakistan: An Empirical Study
Dr. Ashiq Hussain, Naseer Ahmad Salfi, Dr. Tariq Mahmood Khan

Abstract
The present study has been designed to identify the causes of high dropout rate at the primary level in Pakistan. Data was collected from 94 district mangers; 144 head teachers and 288 teachers; 288 parents and 864 students-50% dropout students and 50% stay-ins at the time of study using Mixed-Research Methods. The main causes and factors of high dropout at primary level in Pakistan revealed from the findings of the study are: too expensive education, distance from home to school, teacher’s harsh behavior, lack of parents’ interest, difficult syllabus, poor health, poverty, non-availability of facilities and excessive homework. The findings may be useful for the planners, policy makers, and teacher educators to take measures for controlling dropout and increasing enrollment or participation rate at the primary level in Pakistan.

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