International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Study of Effect of Socio-cultural Factor on Cultural Intelligence(CQ) (Case Study: Sanandaj City)
Yaaghob Ahmadi, Anwar Shahmohamadi, Maryam Mahdi Araghi

Abstract
P. Christopher Earley and Soon Ang introduced the concept of cultural intelligence (CQ) to the social sciences and management disciplines in 2003. CQ is defined as an individual’s capability to function effectively in situations characterized by cultural diversity. Initially conceived as an individual level construct, CQ can also be applied across levels of analysis. CQ has relevance to groups, teams, organizations, and even nations. This study is for measuring CQ. To achieve the purpose mentioned above, questionnaire survey method is used. In this research are examined impacts of some social and cultural factors such as Ethnocentrism and Cultural Empathy Factors on CQ situation. The results also show that Ethnocentrism and social initiative has been meaningful impact on CQ index. Results also show that there is negative significance relationship between Ethnocentrism and CQ. The regression model indicated that the necessary infrastructure to CQ is Cultural Empathy, Ethnocentrism and Openness to experience. In these cases, Cultural Empathy has been more effect on CQ and four dimensions of it.

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