International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Perceptions of Primary School Teachers and Pupils on Adequacy of HIV/AIDS Life Skills Education in Nairobi and Thika Districts, Kenya
Felicity W. Githinji, Dr. John Koskey Chang’ach

Abstract
Health care is a multi-Sectoral approach. It requires joint efforts of the health sector and other health related sectors. Primary health care should integrate other sectors such as education. This is because Education for All (EFA) goals and the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) for education “cannot be achieved without urgent attention to HIV/AIDS.” This has led to the integration of HIV/AIDS education into the existing school curriculum due to its effect on the community as a whole. Thus, Life Skills Education was introduced to strengthen the existing HIV/AIDS education. This study was based on the assumption that increasing levels of knowledge and awareness could lead to desired behaviour change. However, having knowledge about the virus did not seem to be sufficient without the necessary life skills. This study, therefore, intended to do an assessment of the adequacy of HIV/AIDS life skills curriculum in primary schools in Nairobi and Thika districts. Content analysis of HIV/AIDS life skills (HIV/AIDS/LS) curriculum and oral interviews with 40 teachers of the subject was purposively sampled. The content is relatively adequate but there are challenges associated with the gap between theory and practice. The study established that introduction of teaching of HIV/AIDS education appreciated but it is faced with some challenges. The effectiveness of the education could be enhanced by giving it an inter-disciplinary approach in view of the multi-sectoral concern for HIV/AIDS. Since LS curricula are designed to develop in the young people abilities such as: negotiation skills, assertiveness, ability to cope with peer pressure, attitudes such as compassion, self-esteem and tolerance, knowledge about self-awareness and HIV transmissions this would complement Public Health Care (PHC) and they should be provided to the community.

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