International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Emel SOLENAY, Hasan IN

The discovering fire has been accepted as the first and the foremost discovery on earth. Humankind aimed at holding the power that fire brought and controlling it. That the hunter-gatherer societies started to bake their food brought the idea that fire could also be used productively in other areas like heating and protecting from wild animals. Primitive societies started to use torches and oil lamps that can carry fire, lighten the places they lived in at nights and hold fire for a long time. In the periods that they were used, oil lamps, have served as documents that could inform about the societies’ cultures and ways of living. In the periods that the oil lamps first started to be used, herbal and animal fat was used as flammable materials in order to maintain oil lamps burn continuously. Iznik is known to be one of the most important places for ceramics and chinaware production between 14th and 17th centuriesin Anatolia. In Iznik, ceramics produced in the ceramic and chinaware workshops have been used in various forms in public places and architectural constructions. One of such uses is chinaware oil lamps, which are different in form and produced by using various decorating techniques. Oil lamps’ being decorative and functional enablesthem to be used as illuminating tools especially in religious spaces. The purpose of the present research is to present the historical development of chinaware oil lamps produced between 15th and 17th centuries,and explore their production purposes and techniques.

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