International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

New Diasporas in the Making: the Journeys of Sub-Saharan Africans to Europe
Dr. Maha Marouan

In the last decade the journey to Europe has become extremely difficult for sub-Saharan Africans with Europe’s intensified efforts to tighten its borders. Nevertheless, prompted by civil wars, social unrest, and economic decline, illegal immigration from sub-Saharan Africa to Europe has increased. Thus, while the numbers of undocumented Africans continue to rise, the borders are becoming tighter, the smugglers more aggressive, and the passage more dangerous than ever. The result is a large number of casualties. This study is based on interviews I conducted with sub-Saharan Africans both in Spain and Morocco in summer 2010, and they all represent a new diaspora in the making. In this paper I will focus on the voices of three immigrants who encapsulate three different examples of this sub-Saharan experience.

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