International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

AN ANALYSIS ON ETHNIC RELATION BETWEEN THE MALAY AND CHINESE COMMUNITIES IN MALAYSIA FROM CIVILIZATIONAL PERSPECTIVE: LANGUAGE AND EDUCATION’S EXPERIENCES
Dr. Wan Norhasniah Wan Husin

Abstract
Stable ethnic relation in a multiethnic country like Malaysia is of paramount importance for the nations’ various plans, especially for economic developments to be carried out without glitches. Previous works on this issue were focused mainly on political agenda, social class and economic disparity. Over the years, though, some of the issues have become irrelevant and obsolete, ethnic issue keeps rearing its ugly head. In this research, the problem of ethnic relation is scrutinized from a new angle - the civilizational perspective. The differences in the community’s core pillars and core values, which are embedded in each civilization, are found to be the main reasons that perpetuate the conflicts between the Malays and Chinese until today. The civilization factors focused here are the language and education that have been revisited since pre-independent days until recently, with the aim of seeking the underlying reasons that have sustained the conflict. Based on available literature, it can be concluded that the prevailing conflict between the two communities can be attributed to civilizational factors.

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