International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Sheltering and Housing Recovery after Disasters: Dissecting the problems of policy implementation and possible solutions
Agyemang Frimpong

Abstract
Meeting housing demands in normal times are difficult but it is even more challenging when resources are stretched thin in the aftermath of disasters and demands become greater. This exploratory research is aimed at finding the problems involved in the implementation of disaster housing programs in order to help improve upon delivery. Using the Critical Incident Technique (CIT), County Directors of Emergency Management Agencies in Ohio were asked to recall and retell their experiences with sheltering/housing in the aftermath of the last disaster that occurred in their county. The study found out that some of the barriers to successful implementation of shelters and housing programs in the aftermath of disasters were politics and bureaucracy; lack of adequate knowledge about laws governing recovery; lack of recovery plans for functional/special needs population; lack of back-up power to operate emergency operation centers; adoption of forward mapping approach instead of backward mapping approach to implementation and political interference in the hiring of personnel working for county EMAs leading to less qualified people being hired. Recommendation for success and directions for future research were also suggested.

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