International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Brief Report of the Parental Authority Index (PAI) Replication Study in Tokyo, Japan: Parental Control of the Personal Domain and Adolescents’ Psychopathology
Yuki Hasebe

This study is a replication of U.S. and Japanese research (2004) which identified that deleterious psychological effects associated with parental control were related to parental intrusion into adolescents’ conduct of personal issues (e.g., hairstyle) but not adolescents’ matters of prudence (e.g., use of illegal drugs) and conventions (e.g., table manners). The aim of the study is to confirm this domain specific linkage with a population from a different cultural background using Parental Authority Index. The study also investigates whether or not culture impacts the adolescents’ expression of psychological distress linked to parental control. Participants, ages 14-18, are 320 adolescents from Tokyo, Japan. Parental control predicted adolescents’ psychopathology. The linkage, however, was domain specific, pertaining only to the personal domain. In this aspect, males particularly developed psychosomatics and anxiety. Females developed interpersonal sensitivity and the externalized problem of hostility. Hostility in this association was not identified in previous studies.

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