International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Cooking and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: A qualitative analysis of amateur chefs' perspectives
Mor Daniel, Yossi Guttmann, Amiram Raviv

Abstract
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of cooking as a hobby activity on the chefs, in the context of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Twenty semi-structured interviews were conducted with amateur chefs in the qualitative part of the present study. The results of the analyses show that Maslow's theoretical construct is a relevant and valid context for understanding the effect of cooking on the chefs. Thus we found that cooking affords amateur chefs a sense of control, of social and ethnic belongingness, connecting to family's roots, it reinforces self efficacy and social esteem. We also found that cooking allows amateur chefs to express their creativity and feel good about themselves. Finally, the study shows that as perceived by amateur chefs, it has therapeutic elements, such as a dim sense of time, altered conscious level and strong sensual stimulus. The option of serving the cooked product was also perceived as a therapeutic variable in cooking.

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