International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Nature of US Democracy Promotion Policy: Reality versus Illusion The Case of Iraq
Mohammad A. Mousavi, Heydari

United States has had a greater impact on global democratization, for better or for worse, than any other country during the past century. No country has used its vast political, cultural, economic, and military resources toward recreating other states in its own image. Not surprisingly, U.S involvement in democracy promotion has attracted such great attention, together with a good deal of skepticism and suspicion. In fact, the building blocks of U.S. democracy promotion have come into question after September 11,2001 and recent events within the Middle East. The pursuit of democracy promotion policy historically has served US national self-interests. This paper argues that placing U.S. democratic ideals in a secondary rank to geopolitical concerns along with the tendency to promote US-style democracy resulted in ideological polarization within many countries and brought about an atmosphere of mistrust and ill feeling that has yet needed to be overcome. Pursuit of democracy promotion has often been at variance with other US foreign policy objectives. By examining the US democracy promotion in Iraq, the paper argues thatwhen such policy contradicts the USsecurity and economic interests, policymakers put the US interests first and apply universal values .

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