International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Effects of Intensive Ski Training on Postural Balance of Athletes
A. Filiz CAMLIGUNEY, Nusret RAMAZANOGLU, Oya Erkut ATILGAN, Semih YILMAZ, Selda UZUN

Abstract
The objective of this study is to observe the effects of intensive ski training as a new set of skills on dynamic and static balance of male and female athletes who receive regular and formal sports education. Athletes who have never skied before but received education at similar sports activities volunteered (Ski training group;12 males, aged: 23,75?2,13 years; 8 females, aged: 22,37?0,91 years, Control group; 11 males, aged : 23,75?2,13 years and 9 females, aged :22,37?0,91 years) to take part in the training program that lasted for 6 consecutive days, 4 hours training and 2 hours free activities a day, totaling to 28 hours. Prior to and after ski training, Techno-body PROKIN 4 (Italy) was applied in order to measure static equilibrium (as eyes opened and closed – 30-second EO, 30-second EC) and dynamic equilibrium (60-second disequilibrium and slalom tests). Static and dynamic balance tests for upright posture were conducted as well as at positions where knees flexion was 135-150 degree. The leg power of participants was measured with a dynamometer. A questionnaire were arranged in order to obtain personal info. The pre- and post-data were compared according to gender and group variables (ski training and control group) using Wilcoxon test. The results obtained through our study indicated that the static and dynamic balance of leg power of male athletes increased dearly when compared with that of female athletes.

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