International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Location, Distribution and Utilization of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) in Cross River State, Nigeria
D.D.ENI, U. W. Ibor, O. E. Ojong, OGUNDELE, F.O

Abstract
The examines location, distribution and utilization of insecticide treated nets in Cross River State. In order to achieve the objective of the study, the work was based on the distance decay model that intensity of ITNs use decreases as distance from the distribution center (Ugep) increases. Data for the study were collected from four rural communities, out of the nine communities that make up the study area through administration of questionnaire, in addition to oral interview and household net inspection. Distances of the studied communities were determined using a GIS software (ARCGIS 9.3).The relationship between intensity of ITNs use and distance fron the distribution center was determined using Pearson Product Moment Correlation. While the student t-test was used to test for significance relationships.. The correlation result reveals that intensity of ITNs use negatively though not significantly correlated with distance from Ugep (RxY = - .097; P>0.05), distance from Nko (RxY = -.101; P>0.05); negatively high but not significantly correlated with distance from Assiga (RxY = -115); P>0.05) and positively but highly significantly correlated with distance from Agoi (RxY = .325; P<0.05). It was found that location has implication for distribution and access to ITNs. Therefore, in order to achieve the Abuja target of 100% universal coverage, evaluating progress and measuring impact through continuous free distribution, retail audits, periodic household survey, expanding public knowledge and use of ITNs through targeted and multimedia approaches is advocated.

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