International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Multicultural Education in American Public School:A Quest for Social Justice
Safoura Boukari, Tairou Goura

Abstract
Considering the increasingly growing number of immigrants from different parts of the world arriving in the United States with their cultural background and, the need to insertion in American mainstream society, it becomes imperative to devise social policies that would not only help the transitional process but also follow upon their adaptation to American educational system and subsequent integration in the social work force. Multicultural Education as some would label it has been so far the viable and efficient means of dealing with the diverse ethno-linguistic backgrounds that created the necessity of the English language acquisition as a primordial condition to satisfy the ideology of American Melting-pot. Based on the ideology of “Melting pot, and creating opportunities for ordinary people to aspire for the “American Dream” it would be crucial to reach a unique and one way of communication through one single language. Following the ideal of “Melting pot” and “Assimilation” through diversity and Multicultural programs has yielded some fruit. However, is public education a common good in a multicultural environment where more and more communities claim their identities? What explains the needs for multiculturalism in public schools? What are the issues multicultural education attempts to address? But would the ideal of “Melting pot” fulfill all the sociological needs the United States faces as a nation? How does the notion of Diversity and Multicultural Education weave into the urgency of American Social policies and governmental priorities today? How would Diversity and Multicultural Education help create a more harmonious society where people are viewed as different flowers with each a fragrance that blends in to create a beautiful garden to take a cue from, Alice Walker, author of The Color Purple? Grounding our argument in Multicultural education as a multidimensional tool for social justice, a necessity for assimilation in the American life, and a quest for racial/ethnic identity recognition our paper would attempt to explore the above questions by providing answers whichthe questions seem to invite.

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