International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Challenges of Zimbabwe Science and Technology Policy Formulation from 1980 to 2002.
Mediel Hove, Tawanda Zinyama

Abstract
Zimbabwe’s Science and Technology (S&T) policy was in conception for over two decades from 1981 to 2002. The paper examines the challenges of S&T policy formulation in Zimbabwe. It divulges the rationale why it took a long period before an S&T policy was originated. The paper reveals that S&T policy development was complex. It was largely the lack of; strong policy, multi-stakeholder involvement, funding and commitment from government ministries mandated with policy formulation and implementation. One of the major institutional problems preventing and interrupting the formulation of the S&T was the disintegration of the policy formulating route. The data were gathered by questionnaires and key-informants oral interviews. The respondents and key-informants were chosen by means of purposive and snowball sampling methods. It concludes that for S&T policy to be effectively devised and executed there should be institutional capability amplification and budgetary allocation for the science and technology cause.

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