International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

An Analysis of the Problem-Causing Structures of Simple Sentences for Turkish University Students
Prof. Dr. Mehmet Demirezen

A simple sentence is the first type of sentence one learns to speak. It is the first type of a sentence that children learn to speak, remaining by far the most common type of sentence in the spoken and written language of people of all ages. The basic English language sentence is called a simple sentence. Primarily, it requires a subject and a verb. It can be as short as one word, or it may appear in any of these five combinations: Subject + Verb, Subject + Verb + Object, Subject + Verb + Complement, Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object, and Subject + Verb + Object + Complement. But there is a 6th type of simple sentences with extended phrasal modifiers that can occur at the beginning of the sentence, mid-sentence, or at the end of the sentence which confuses the students. In this article, the possible combinations of simple sentence elements will be explored and specific examples will be put forward by additional example simple sentences. In many grammar books, the structure of simple sentences is explained through five types of occurrences. However, there is a 6th type, which is often neglected in textbooks that will be described in this paper. In relation to this topic, the difficulties caused by phrasal modifiers at the beginning of the sentence, mid-sentence, and at the end of the sentence in the structure of simple sentences will also be demonstrated in teaching writing. The sample sentences given in this article can be converted into speaking sentences via Audacity and Text-to-Speech programs.

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