International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Effects of Workplace Recreation on Employee Performance The Case of Kenya Utalii College
Samuel Obino Mokaya, Jackylene Wegoki Gitari

The study sought to determine the effect of workplace recreation on employee performance at Kenya Utalii College. The study covered aspects of job satisfaction, service quality, customer satisfaction, and employee productivity. The study was descriptive covering a stratified sample of 81 respondents drawn from 162 employees. Data collected through self-administered questionnaire was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tools. The reasons for engaging in recreation at workplace were relax mind and feel great (82.3%), reduce stress and improve concentration (62.9%), build confidence and self-esteem (59.7%), and improve health 53.2%). Workplace recreation has a positive influence on employee performance variables; job satisfaction (92%), quality of service and customer satisfaction (72%) and enhanced productivity (77.5%). Participation in recreational activities was found to be useful in the management of work-life balance with a correlation of 0.61. Job satisfaction correlated highly with performance at 0.55. Employees view recreation as a form of intrinsic reward; providing a means of pleasure and enjoyment. Staff parties provide suitable opportunity for feedback on performance (0.44) and for recognizing employee achievements (0.40); thus meeting employee’s social needs. However, recreation as a way of influencing employees’ identity with the organization had very little to do with job satisfaction as explained by a low correlation of 0.25. Fellowship was the least preferred activity while team building activities were the most preferred. For all respondents, the top three favourite activities were team building, staff parties and aerobics as forms of recreation. The study concluded that recreation is a significant factor in employee performance; increases the level of commitment, enhances bonding and improves employee wellbeing with a consequent positive effect on job satisfaction, service provision, customer satisfaction and productivity. Therefore, the College and indeed other organizations should offer recreation facilities and activities that are of interest to employees bearing in mind their different tastes, gender and age among other considerations in order to enhance employee performance.

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