International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Theorizing Cost of Marriage and Mutual Combat/Partner Violence: Meta-ethnographic Synthesis of Findings on Types of Marriage Praxis, Associated Cost and Partners’ Value amongst the Tiv People of Central Nigeria
Timiun, Godwin Aondohemba

Abstract
Despite the growing awareness of mutual partner violence in intimate relationship (Straus et al 1980; Straus 1993; Cleary, 2002), theories providing explanation to this phenomenon are dearth. This does not only hamper research endeavor in examining mutual intimate partner violence but also forestall holistic understanding of the issue. Meta-ethnographic analysis ( Atkin et al.2008; Barnett-Page and Thomas 2009; Britten et al.2002; Campbell et al 2003; Noblit &Hare 1988) was used to synthesize findings on types of marriage praxis among the Tiv People into a holistic understanding of marriage arrangements, associated cost and partner violence. There are clues that the cost of marriage influences intimate partner violence. It depends on whether it is the man or the women that bears the burden or is mutually shared between them; it is likely that the type of violence experienced by either partner may differ. This theory will stimulate scholars to examine mutual combat/partner violence using the cost of contracting and maintaining the union. The findings will extend the frontiers of knowledge on domestic violence and provide knowledge for informed social policy decisions to reduce partner or mutual partner violence, and improve reproductive health amongst unions.

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