International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Steinbeck’s The Pearl as Marxist Critique of Capitalism
Mr. Rahat Ullah, Mr. Kifayatullah Khan, Ms.Tammanna Salih Shah

Abstract
Man by nature is divided in classes from the very first day of his existence in this world will till the end of this world. Intellectuals in every age tried to represent this division in either optimistic or pessimistic way but the fact remains that all of them have to admit this line of division as in evitable for the structure building of any society in this world. As we can observe that in any building there is a line of division among the building stones i.e. lower most, lower, central, upper & upper most, because all the stones cannot occupy the same place, if so then we cannot build a building because it will just a debris and nothing else . By applying the same idea to class division among human beings, we can understand the concept of class conflict. How man is judged by his class and place in society. Class plays vital role at each and every step of man’s life no matter how dark is he inside or outside. The capitalist world does not give value to anything except the possessions. John Steinbeck’s The Pearl is a socio-economic critique of the mini-society of La Paz which is situated at the far end of the Baja Peninsula. The entire story of the novel addresses a struggle between rich and poor. It depicts the reality that how a minor group of capitalists controls and exploits the major mass of poor through practicing the social system of capitalism. This class division is the essential part of capitalism. Both the classes have been juxtaposed in the novel; the class conflict is the main characteristic of capitalism. Marxism wants to bring down this imbalance in society.

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