International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Homogenous Grouping and Mixed Ability: A Comparative Approach on Two Rural Secondary Schools in Muzarabani District, Zimbabwe.
Matavire Monica, Mukavhi Lickson, Sana Abel .F

Abstract
The principal aim of this paper was to investigate the impact of streaming according to ability vis avis mixed ability. The choice of this topic was premised on the recognition and realization that streaming according to ability has continued to be practiced despite the system?s unfavorable dehumanizing effect on both teachers and pupils, especially on the aspect that streaming of pupils usually results in the streaming of teachers and resources and that lowly placed pupils will be destined to failure. The research has also been prompted by the realization that schools which practice streaming ,give shortage of learning material as an excuse for streaming pupils according to ability ,yet ,surprisingly, there are other schools which also have acute shortages in teaching and leaning materials but successfully practice mixed ability. The physical area of this study was Muzarabani District in Mashonaland central from which two schools out of seven schools in the district were selected for study, of these one school practices mixed ability while the other practice streaming according to ability. Data was gathered through partipant observation, documentary study, interviews and questionnaires. These methods were used to complement each other. The data derived from the instruments revealed that instructional benefits that are associated with streaming according to ability are outweighed by the negative effects of streaming. In light of these findings, the study therefore recommends that mixed ability be practiced in place of screaming according to ability.

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