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Dr. Alberto R. Treiye r Doctorate in theology Protestant Faculty University of Strasbourg, France The chronology of the historical events at the end of the 13th Century and the beginning of the 14th Century is important because it witnessed the beginning of the Ottoman Empire and the decline of the Byzantine Empire. The confrontation between those two powers would intensify and finally result in the total triumph of the Turks over the Byzantines 150 years later, and the complete annihilation of the Eastern Roman Empire. After that, the Turkish threat over Europe would be strongly felt for nearly four centuries. The appearance of atheism and secularism would later repress the two predominant medieval religions, namely, the Roman Catholic Church in the West, and Islam in the East. From a rel