International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Effect of Aerobic Exercises on Cardiovascular Risk Taking Factors in Hypertension Men
Leila Ghanbari Navan

Cardiovascular Diseases are accounted one of the most important factors of mortality. Increasing blood pressure and blood fat are taken into account the most significant risk taking factors of Cardiovascular Diseases. The purpose of this study was examining the effectiveness of 8-week Aerobic exercises on some of Cardiovascular Risk Taking factors in men with hypertension. 20 volunteer men (40- 60 aged) suffering from high blood pressure with 1 to 5 background were chosen randomly and they were divided into two groups: experimental group (10 people) and control group (10 people). The experimental group participated in a period of a eight-week aerobic exercises, three sessions a week, and 35 minutes per session, with the intensity of %60 to %80 maximum heart rate in each session but the control group did not participated in any session. Each group was taken primarily blood sampling without eating breakfast (pre-test) and a post-test was taken after a day of last exercise session. Systole and diastole blood pressure were measured in first session and a day after last session of exercise, too. For describing and explaining data, the methods of the Descriptive Statistics and the Deductive Statistics were applied for examining the Normal Distribution, independence t for pre-tests and post-tests of two groups and the comparison of two groups’ changes, dependence t for comparing pre-test and post-test of two groups. The meaningful level of P<0.05 was considered. In the experimental group was seen the meaningful decreasing in the amount of cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), blood light lipoprotein (LDL), and systole blood pressure (SBP), and blood heaven lipoprotein (HDL) had meaningful increasing. Moreover, the amount of diastole blood pressure (DBP) decreased but these were not meaningful changes. Therefore, using aerobic exercises have desirable effects on decreasing risk taking factors. Thus, they lead to deduce the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases.

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