International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Socio-Economic Factors Militating against Women Participation in Labor Force in Nigeria

The main objective of this study is to investigate the socio-economic factors that militate against the participation of women in labour force in Nigeria. The study adopted a survey research, using a multi-stage design. The simple random sampling and purposive (judgemental) sampling techniques were adopted. Through this sampling technique, a total of 1,200 respondents were to be reached through volunteering process but 1,196 respondents actually volunteered, showing a very good return rate. A structured questionnaire was administered to the respondents and oral interviews were also conducted to supplement the questionnaire data. Frequency counts and percentages were used to carry out a descriptive analysis of the data. The study found out that low level of education of women and cultural factors/customs were the leading factors militating against women participation in labor force in Nigeria, followed by religious factor. The study recommended among others that Governments of Nigeria, at all tiers, should give education of female child a top priority through free education and award of bursaries and scholarships.

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