International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Problems and Challenges in the Implementation of Inclusive Education in Indonesia

The education service that separated students with disabilities from the mainstream education, is seen as against human rights. This resulted in denial of some basic rights of students with disabilities in education. The notion of inclusive education has shed a light of hope for better education service for students with disabilities. Indonesia officially recognized inclusive education in 2003.This paper intends to examine the problems encountered in the implementation of inclusive education in Indonesia. Some 238 participants involved in the issue were interviewed. Results indicate that the progress of inclusive education in Indonesia is still sluggish due to limited resources, knowledge and skills required for successful implementation of inclusive education. Attitudinal barriers were identified as the most hurtful experiences among students with special need while teachers’ self-confidence in practicing inclusive education was also still low.

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