International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Academic Staff Retention in Private Universities in Southern Highland Zone Tanzania as a Strategy of Attaining Sustainable Development
Sr. Dr. Demetria Gerold Mkulu PhD

Universities are relied upon by the society to conserve, create and disseminate knowledge which is in realization of sustainable development in Tanzania. This study aims at exploring on academic staff retention in private universities in Southern Highlands Zone in Tanzania as a strategy of attaining sustainable development. The study was anchored on Herzberg theory of motivation. Cross sectional survey and phenomenology design were employed. Five private universities were sampled involving 200 participants. Data was collected through questionnaires, in-depth interview guide and document analysis. Qualitative data was analyzed by identification of patterns, categories, and themes in order to get multiple realities. Results indicated that low remuneration in workplace leads to high rate of attrition and low retention, delay in payment in private universities, a wanting leadership style, lack of job security and low academic staff career development. The paper concluded that the government needs to involve in the funding operations.

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