International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online)

 

Role of the Persian Gulf‟s Oil in the US Geopolitical Codes during the Cold War Geopolitical Order
Saeid Naji, Jayum A. Jawan

Abstract
This paper, geopolitically, seeks to explain the role of the Persian Gulf‟s oil as the US vital interests in the US geopolitical codes, as well as its foreign policy towards this area. In this respect the US geopolitical codes during of the Cold War era, according to different presidencies, will be explained. Studying these codes helps to reveal the political and geographical assumptions behind of the foreign policy. Specific speeches, in particular the „state of the union‟ in the United States and the US presidents‟ doctrines are considered as basic sources which this study relies on them. Analysis suggests that there is a strong linkage between the US political elites‟ geopolitical assumptions and the US foreign policy towards the Persian Gulf region and in this respect oil, of course, plays a unique role. Moreover, containment policy as the main US geopolitical code is pursued by the US presidents in different shapes during the cold war and in this respect the role of the Persian Gulf‟s oil is remarkable.

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