International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Survival Strategies of Support Zone Communities in Cross River National Park Okwangwo Division, 1990 – 2010
Ewah, J. O.

The objective for the establishment of National Parks in Sub-Sahara Africa is to protect the rainforest, animals, plant and the eco-system from desiccation. To achieve this objective, the park management adopted fortress conservation as a protective strategy to prevent logging, farming and exploitation of agro-forest resources. How far has the park achieved its stated objectives? This study reviews the park activities in the Cross River National Park from when it was created in 1990 till date. It examined the objectives and operations of the Park: fortress conservation strategy, the plight of support zone communities and post-park experiences and their survival strategies since 1990. These findings expose the poverty and futility of fortress conservation policies but prefer State-Community Partnership in the management of protected areas in Nigeria.

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