International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online)

Racial Discrimination and Human Trafficking in India: Challenges Ahead
Dr. Hetal Pandya, Dr. Hemal Pandya

Discrimination is any distinction, exclusion or preference based on race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national extraction or social origin which has the effect of nullifying or impairing equality of opportunity or treatment in employment or occupation. Discrimination violates the fundamental human right to freedom from discrimination. Freedom from discrimination is indispensable for workers to choose their employment freely, to develop their potential to the full and to reap economic rewards on the basis of merit. The different forms of discrimination impact severely on vulnerable individuals of society. At its worst, the discrimination against certain groups, such as women, ethnic or racial minorities and migrants, face in the labour market makes them vulnerable to such abuses as forced or compulsory labour. Discrimination is also associated with child labour. The recent rise in labour trafficking, which disproportionately affects women and children, is related in part to gender-based discrimination in the labour market that causes unequal access for women to remunerative employment as well as to traditional beliefs that devalue girls. Racism, racial discrimination, Xenophobia and related intolerance are so often the causes of war in the minds of men. Racial Discrimination continues to manifest itself in many contemporary conflicts and injustices. Racial Discrimination has been one of the major causes leading to the increasing rate of illegal migration leading to the problem of Human Trafficking. Human Trafficking is a complex development issue. It is an economic problem as the vast majority of people seeking to escape poverty are lured into trafficking by the false promise of economic gains. Human trafficking has become a heinous transnational crime undertaken by highly organized syndicates. Human trafficking is inherently demeaning, harmful and violates fundamental human rights to life, liberty, dignity and freedom from discrimination. Human trafficking is incompatible with the worth and dignity of human beings. What is equally distressing is the fact that human smuggling and trafficking are some of the fastest growing areas of international criminal activity. Trafficking in human beings must not be seen primarily or exclusively from the perspective of national security; it must not be viewed merely from the point of view of national protective interests; it must not be seen only as a fight against organized crime and illegal migration. Human trafficking is first and foremost a violation of human rights. In many countries, important steps have been taken to combat racism, exclusion and intolerance, and to buttress democracy and pluralism. The purpose of this paper is to examine the extent of the problems of human trafficking and Racial Discrimination and consider some of the most important elements of an effective anti-trafficking strategy at the domestic level. The paper attempts to highlight the challenges faced by India in this regards. Human trafficking, especially the trafficking of women and girls for forced prostitution, is a serious problem in India. Therefore, India’s model of dealing with this extensive trade in women and girls for forced prostitution provides many important insights as to how a developing country like India can adequately respond to this challenge. Some recommendations have been suggested to achieve long-term success in overcoming these problems.

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