International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Literary Societies That Played an Important Role in the Development of Arabic Mahjar Literature
Vilayat A. Jafarov, Saadat A. Ibrahimova

The Arab Mahjar literature was established by Arab writers, who immigrated to the North and South America in the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century. The mahjar writers united around the different literary communities which they created in a short period of time in order to develop their literature, to cover a wider geographical area and to gather more readers. The main objective of these literary societies established both in North and South America was to preserve the Arabic language and literature in the “New World” as well as to create the literature based on released ideas and innovations. The migrant writers operated in more organized way through the literary communities that they had established. These literary societies established both in North and South America played a significant role in the development and promotion of the Arab literature in the West. The literary societies which played a great role in the development of the Arab literature, the history of their establishment, fields of activities as well as scientific and literary magazines were studied thoroughly in the article; moreover, the literary activities of the Arab writers functioning in the framework of these communities was analyzed.

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