International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Poverty among Farming Households in Osun State, Nigeria
Amao J.O, Ayantoye K., Fadahunsi O. D

This paper examined the evidence and alleviation strategy of absolute poverty among households in Osun State, Nigeria. Relevant literatures were obtained, accessed and assessed to serve as guide to this study. In order to accomplish the study objectives, a total of 105 respondents were selected through random sampling techniques. The data obtained were analyzed using Descriptive statistics, FGT 1984 poverty index and Probit regression model. The study revealed that majority of the respondents in the study area were male 66.7%. It was also discovered that the mean age was 41.4years. Larger percentage of 85.7 of the respondents were married It was also discovered that the mean household size was 6 people in the house. Respondents who reached tertiary level of education had a greater percentage of 51.4. A large percent of 70.5 were found to be natives of the study area. The result for primary occupation showed that 47.6% of the respondents in the study area were civil servants and a larger percentage of 73.3 earned between N5,000 and N100,000 per month with a mean of N99,245.80k. The study showed that the poverty incidence (Po) was discovered to be 99%, the poverty depth/gap (P1) was found to be 98.9% and the poverty severity (P2) was 98.8%. Size of household of the respondents was significant at 5% which indicated that it had great importance in determining poverty in the study area and was positive implying that the higher the household size the higher the probability of being poor. Household income and primary occupation were also significant at 1% level and the two were negative implying that the higher the income of the household and the more the household involved in their primary occupation the lower the probability of being poor in the study area.

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