International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online)

High School Students Perceptions of Social Capital: Adiyaman Sample
Dr. Kenan OZCAN, Dr. Ozge Hacifazlioglu

Abstract
The practice of social capital in educational institutions has started to be vocal in various educational platforms. Schools, universities and educational institutions started to create learning contexts in which 21st century learning skills are developed. The purpose of this study is expected to provide a social capital instrument focusing on students’ perceptions as well as revealing their perceptions of social capital. The sample has been chosen through using the purposive sampling. The researcher uses his or her own judgment about which respondents to choose, pick any of those who meet the purposes of the study (Bailey, 1994). In this method it is possible top get an idea about the intended study group. The research is conducted in 2011-2012 academic year in Spring Semester. Three different groups, who study in high schools constituted the sample. The first group involved in the piloting process to adopt the scale into Turkish context. Explanatory Factor Analysis (EFA) was used to get clues for construct validity and conducted on 195 students. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was used for the second group to test the structure validity of the instrument and was conducted on 219 students. The third group of respondents constituted of 1381 students, studying in 6 different types of high schools located in Adıyaman. Students, whose parents are university graduates appeared to receive more benefit from social capital when compared to students, whose parents are graduates of primary school, secondary school and high school.

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