International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Political Development and Political Decay
Tasneem Sikander

Political development in a country depends on political participation whereas political participation depends on institutionalization. Political development cannot take place in the absence of effective institutions that allow mass participation. The purpose of this paper is to distinguish political development from modernization and to identify political development with institutionalization of political organizations and procedures. Functional capabilities cannot be ensured without structures and institutions. Levels of political development in country can be measured by levels of system efficacy that is structural stratification and functional specialization. Demands, decisions and capabilities keep the political system dynamic which also shows that the development or decaying process is taking place. If the goal of development is to be achieved there should be higher levels of capabilities, efficacy and recruitment.

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