International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Public-Private Interaction for Sustainable Development Learning in Brazil: A Case study on Reflexive Governance and Foreign Environmental Policy-Making
Selcan Serdaroğlu

Starting with what is called the "Lula era" (2003-2010), Brazil has adopted a proactive diplomacy stance in multilateral cooperation arrangements facing political, economic, social and environmental challenges of globalization. This “wordlization” perspective became intertwined with an increased integration of Brazilian businesses to the global value chains and their participation to transnational business networks about corporate social and environmental responsibility. Between the Rio Conference (1992) and Rio+20 (2012) Summit, this strategy of becoming a global player was associated with a growing interest from Brazilian public and private actors for understanding, defining and developing sustainable development instruments. Their sustainability oriented learning schemes went from being vertical, learning from abroad, to collective, co-constructing domestic and foreign environmental policy choices for reducing uncertainties about the compliance and implementation processes of Rio conventions. The reflexive governance for sustainable development explains this lateral framework of policy-making and interrelations between public-private and domestic-foreign spheres.

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