International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Innovativeness as a Meta-Competence of Enterprises and Catching-Up Economies of the Twenty-First Century
Teresa Bal-Wo┼║niak

Introduction
The article has a conceptual character. The author proposes appreciation of a subjective aspect of the existing objective approach applied to innovation management and to exercising innovation policy. Such a need results from the necessity to overcome slow progress in competitiveness of enterprises and economies in Central and Eastern Europe and to make possible the widest activation of innovative potential of human resources and to eliminate obstacles encountered by enterprises when accessing innovative talents. The imitation of patterns based on the technocratic (objective) approach oriented towards innovation management is burdened with a high risk of ineffectiveness. The substantive model of innovativeness proposed in the article opens up a possibility of innovativeness becoming a universal competence (a meta-competence). It also shows the ways of integrating innovativeness management, and not only innovation management, with state innovation policy and institutional reforms oriented towards disseminating the progress of civilization.

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