International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

A Lesser Known Important Cultural Heritage Source and Religious Tourism Value in Turkey: Vazelon (Zavulon) Monastery?
Ahmet Çavus, PhD

Vazelon which is also known as Zavulon Monastry is located within the borders of Macka district Kiremitli village in North eastern Trabzon. It is 45 km away from Trabzon, 15 km away from Macka and its height is 1210 m. The name of the monastery is assumed to be originated from Mount Zavulon and this religious structure was built at the foot of the mountain cliff. Monastery was originally built as a chapel in 270 A.C. at the intersection point of Yahya stream and Degirmen stream. However it was demolished as a result of Persian attack in 6th century and many priests were killed. After this event, it was built in current location at three different stages. The monastery devoted to John the Baptist was a 4 storey building. At that time, it was an institution having school, court, and notary and guest house functions as well as providing service as a place of worship and for raising monks. The priests in the monastery were noting and saving the political, economical and social subjects since 13th century. After the population exchange agreement between Turkey and Greece in 1923, Vazelon monastery was emptied. This place which was left alone, was later destroyed by treasure hunters and although the main frame of the building remained standing, trees grew inside and it took a ruined view. By taking Vazelon monastery and its surrounding under protection, restoring it, meliorating its roads and advertising it, an important cultural heritage will be protected and be redounded to tourism.

Full Text: PDF