International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Effect of Atelier 17 to Contemporary Art
Associate Professor GÜLDANE ARAZ AY

20th century art movements in Paris and USA are important for printmaking processes and contemporary art. Furthermore printmaking ateliers are important for contemporary art. During the 20th century at Atelier 17 traditional and experimental techniques of printmaking with gravure that is guided by scientific approaches was used. Unlike the traditional workshops, Atelier 17 was a rather special case. Surrealist artist Stanley William Hayter, who was an English chemist, painter and printmaker, founded Atelier 17 in Paris. Atelier 17 transferred to New York then finally returned to France in 1950. As it is known in the last quarter of the 20th century, art was dynamic and rapidly changed with ateliers. The atelier is best know for many celebrity artists who worked there and were encouraged by Hayter’s insistence that art need not be simply a method of reproduction but rather was a form of artistic creation. Atelier 17 artists wished to explore special techniques perfected with surrealist automatism and soon developed the technique to print multiple colors using only one plate.

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