International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Some Conceptual Thoughts on Positions of Ulemas in Aceh
Dr. Hafifuddin, M.Ag.

Positions of ulemas in Aceh (Indonesia) are very specific and unique in the present context because in some instances, these positions are significantly different from the ones in any other provinces in Indonesia. The ulemas have dual roles as the protectors and the savers of Islam; in addition, their multi-functions can be referred to as clerics, community leaders, and stability guardians. Therefore, their positions are very high and they are exalted and even particularly adhered by local people to exceed their obedience to the government and other elites in the society. In the past, ulemas worked together with the king to run the Islamic Empire which adopted Islam as the state system. In the Samudera Pasai Islamic kingdom the ulemas functioned as advisors to the Sultan, as mufti (fatwa giver), as qadhi Malikul Adil (justices). In the Reform era they become equal partners in the government.

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