International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Effects of Pilates and Progressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy on Maternal Stress and Anxiety: a Literature Review
Arline Muller, Henriette V. Hammill, Caroll Hermann

Mother and baby may experience harmful maternal stress and anxiety. Complementary and alternative methods can be used to reduce these conditions during pregnancy. This literature review pertains to the effects of Pilates and progressive muscle relaxation therapy on maternal stress and anxiety. A descriptive analysis was taken on 4475 articles, 4461 articles proved unsuitable, and 14 articles were ultimately included. Limited research has been undertaken regarding the value of Pilates and progressive muscle relaxation therapy in reducing stress and anxiety. Therefore there is much scope for further enquiry. Progressive muscle relaxation therapy can reduce stress and anxiety during pregnancy.

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