International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Migration and Urbanization: Exploring the Factors of the Nexus in Nigeria
Godwin O. Ikwuyatum, Ph.D

Urbanization is on the increase globally, as more and more people are migrating from rural to urban spaces, essentially due to the socio-economic inequality that exist between these two spaces, to the advantage of the urban space. The rise in the urban population is manifest, as it has risen from 10 percent in 1953 to 36 percent in 1991 and 50 percent in 2015. Though the migration-urbanization issue and/or the increasing flow of people from rural to urban centers in Nigeria is exacerbating and on the front burner of human development agenda in the country, there is paucity of works in the literature that focus on the drivers of the nexus between migration and urbanization. The paper is therefore aimed at examining the drivers and/or factors that facilitate the linkage between migration and urbanization, within the conceptual framework of migration and urbanization. The paper identified and examined quest for education, health, employment opportunities, transportation and communication, trade and commerce, social conflict and violence as driving factors of the nexus between migration and urbanization, within the concepts of migration and urbanization.

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