International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Economic and Health Effects of Public Drinking Water Supply in Rural Area of District Sheikhupura, Pakistan
Arfan Riasat, Dr. Ayesha Ch., Muhammad Younis Afzal, Muhammad Qavi Irshad

Clean and safe drinking water is vital component for human being. Water is second essential component after oxygen. Currently drinking water is an international concern which concurrently effect economic and health condition of people. This study was conducted to evaluate the economic and health influence of public drinking water supply schemes in rural area of District Sheikhupura. In this research, the researcher also tried to find out the issues with water supply schemes executed by Public Health Engineering Department (PHED).The universe of the present study was the rural areas of district Sheikhupura where PHED water supply schemes present. The total sample size was 150 respondents. For this purpose, total 15 rural drinking water supply schemes by PHED were selected. The respondents were the user of these water supply schemes and community based organization (CBO) selected through simple random sampling technique. The results showed that majority of respondent’s views that underground water in their villages is contaminated; have to get water at the distance of ½ Km before the schemes. A large proportion of the respondents reported that there is reduction of water borne diseases and health expenses due to water supply schemes and power failure is main problem in their village scheme. There is great need to involve the CBOs in planning and designing of the schemes. Government should arrange extension of water supply network where population increased with passage time and without the extension of network community face problem to get house connections from water supply schemes.

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