International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Coexistence of Integrity and Diversity: A Theory for the Consistency of Cultural Difference and National Solidarity in Iran
Seyed Alireza Hosseini Beheshti

As a consequence of increasing literature on multiculturalism, cultural identity and cultural self-rule during the last four decades or so, the concept of nation-state and the realm of national government have been subject to dramatic changes. While due to the development of globalization, revising the classical functions of the state machinery looks more urgent than ever. Different accounts of national and cultural identity, widespread demands of recognizing cultural difference through arguing for the rights of cultural communities living in a country, and the changing nature of concepts like national security and interests, have forced political theorists to look for a more adequate conception of national integrity which consists with such changes as variety of alternatives to the classical interpretation. Through exploring recent theoretical developments of the subject, I shall offer a model of overlapping consensus among cultural communities (whether majority or minority) in Iran, on the basis of the historically situated and shared Iranian-religious identity by granting them cultural autonomy and limiting the power of the national government.

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