International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Sabab Nuzul Ayah (The Contexts and Occasions of the Revelation of the Quran) at Tafsir Tarjuman Al-Mustafid: A Genetic Approach in Surah Al-Baqarah
Dr. Mohd Sholeh Sheh Yusuff, Dr. Yusuf Haji Othman, Mat Rani Abdul Manaf, Mohamad Hazli Ismail

The events behind the decline of a verse of the Qur'an is named sabab nuzul ayah (the contexts and occasions of the Revelation of the Quran). Knowledge of sabab nuzul ayah instrumental in clarify or explain the requirements of the paragraph under review. Sheikh Abd al-Rauf al-Singkili while writing Tarjuman al-Mustafid also citing sabab nuzul ayah when interpreting these verses of the Quran. Even so, he does not state the source of reference for sabab nuzul ayah that he citing it. Thus, this study aims to identify the source of the reference. Sample sentence analyzed based on genetic approach in the study of comparative introduced by Goldman (1967). The study only focused on surah al-Baqarah in the Tarjuman al-Mustafid as early efforts towards refining the contents of those works. As a result, there are eleven sources that have been refered by Sheikh Abd al-Rauf al-Singkili which are Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, Tafsīr al-Khāzin, Tafsīr al-Tha’labi, Tafsīr al-Wajiz,Tafsīr al-Baydāwi, Tafsīr Mujāhid dan Tafsīr al-Tabari.

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