International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Legal Form of Cyber Fraud Crime in the Jordanian and Comparative Legislation
Dr. Ibtisam Saleh, Dr. Hanan Al Daher

This paper addresses the legal form of a cyber fraud crime in the Jordanian and comparative legislation. The Jordanian legislator restricts the object of criminal protection to funds and overlooks, despite technology advancement and information revolution, protecting information funds from fraudulent seizure. There is a special provision in the Cybercrime Law, which is stated in general terms, that stipulates punishment of any person who commits a crime stated in any law if committed by technical means, by the penalty set in this Law. However, it does not cover data and information as an object of fraud. In order to achieve the envisaged objectives of the study, this study has initially looked into the object of cyber fraud to indicate whether information and data serve as an object of traditional fraud crime. The computer and IT fraud was then examined, and the legislation and jurisprudence perspective vis-a-vis this crime was illustrated. The material element of the cyber fraud crime was demonstrated next. This paper tackles cyber fraud means set forth in comparative legislation. It demonstrates the special nature of delivery in cyber fraud, as well as delivery by means of information systems. It concludes that data and information do not fit for physical delivery required by the legislator in the traditional fraud crime and that that there is a need for the legislator to intervene and deal with cyber fraud through an explicit provision.

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