International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Assessment of Land Use Changes and Implication to Diversification of Income Sources and Environment (Case Study at two Indigenous Dayak Ethnics in Miau Baru and Pampang Village)
Dr. Siti Balkis, Dr. Ndan Imang, Mursidah, MP

One of the largest tropical island Kalimantanis originally very abundance of forest and biodiversity. Until the late 1980s, forest and land mostly in excellent condition and the surrounding communities enjoyed forest and forest product for both self-consumption and for sale. However, since the last 25 years the tropical forests in Kalimantan have been severely degraded by various human activities, among others: logging, timber plantations, coal mining and large scale oil palm plantation. The emerging of the activities have also affected the land usage of the farmers. The objective of this research were to examine the changes on land usage, source of income and preference for future land usage. For data collection, 30 respondents in MiauBaru and 20 respondents in Pampang were interviewed in July 2017. Data was analyzed using descriptive quantitative approach. Results show that in the Traditional Phase, the land use was dominated by Swidden agriculture. In the Contemporary Phase the land use has shifted and is dominated by the Oil Palm Cultivation, which began to be adopted by the local farmers in 2008 – 2010.The land use plan for the future in MiauBaru and also in Pampang village, will still be mostly for Oil Palm cultivation, because the scheme has been supported by the availability of Crude Palm Oil (CPO) Factories. The trend for the land use allocation in the future will be dominated by the Oil Palm cultivation, reaching 53.33%, followed by Dry Rice Field cultivation and Rubber Garden.

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