International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Media Use and Relationships of Children with Their Peers During the Transition from Preschool to Primary School —In Cases of TV, Mobile Phone and Computer
Yanfang Zhou, Atsushi Nanakida, Yuan Long

This study examined whether children’s media use reflect on their peer relationships during the transition to primary school.Participants include representative samples of 312 families with 4-6 years old children(312 children of both sexes)in China.The data were derived from interview and questionnaire.Qualitative analysis,correlation analysis,exploratory factor analysis,AVONA and “T”test were adopted in this study. Results revealed a bidirectional relationship between media use and peer relationship.There are 3 main ways in which media are used as a part of daily life for young children:(1)Using media as a tool when together with peers.(2)Using media as a topic in play and talk;(3)Using media as means of self-development(social identity).Both gender and age in media use were analyzed and showed significant relations.The amount of time in children's media use has a significant impact on social understanding and social participation, and ultimately affects peer acceptance.

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