International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Weakening and Deficiency: Environmental Justice in the Process of Urbanization in China
Ai Lijuan Wang Ziyan Du Chuntao

Since the reform and opening up, the speed of urbanization in China has been accelerating and the environmental situation has become increasingly severe. In the process of accelerating urbanization, central cities have put forward the goal of building eco-cities, carrying out the second modernization, polluting enterprises gradually move from the central cities to the surrounding areas, a large amount of agricultural land has been requisitioned into non-agricultural land, and rural and wilderness areas have been gradually reduced. Due to various reasons, there are various environmental injustices in the three dimensions between man and nature, man and non-man species, and man and man. The ecological system is increasingly fragile, species diversity is reduced, the distribution of environmental goods and evils is unfair or the environmental value is difficult to effectively identify, resulting in frequent environmental conflicts and environmental crises, which seriously affects social stability and harmonious development. To construct the system of environmental justice in the process of urbanization, it is necessary to distribute environmental infrastructure and environmental responsibility equitably; improve the environmental legal system; coordinate environmental plannings and environmental development goals; carry out technological ecological transformation and governance of traditional industries; further cultivate social culture of environmental justice.

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