International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Evaluating the Scale of the Second Wave Brain Drain Initiative of Taiwan Graduates from Parents’ Perspectives
Ying-Lung Liu, Jih-Shine Chou

Taiwan once faced a classic case of "brain drain". Despite of government restrictions, over 100,000 Taiwanese left to study abroad in the latter half of the twentieth century. The dual effects of Taiwan long-term economic stagnation and the impact from Beijing’s preferential policy , called China 31 incentives , conducting the second wave brain drain initiative of high school graduates in Taiwan after 2018 spring. As a rule, parents’ opinions are highly influential with high school students; this study aims to investigate the perspectives of 254 high school graduates’ parents regarding their children’s brain drain. It consists of three subscales -- push factors, pull factors with closed-ended scales, and open-ended scales concerning brain drain destinations preferences. Using exploratory factors analysis, we managed to construct factors structures; scale validity and reliability were significant. Total pull /push score ratios (BDR)were designed to indicate parents’ approval extent of their children’s brain drain.

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