International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Social Welfare in the Succession of Omar Bin Al-Khattab (A Histological Approach)
Mohammad Ali Al-Rousan, Tareq Mohammad Al-Azzam

The study is an attempt to understand the reality of social welfare services during the succession of Omar Bin Al-Khattab through the procedures and categories that were covered by this welfare. The study results found that Omar bin Al-Khattab was the most sensitive successor or Caliph toward the lived social reality and he was the first to be institutionally alert to the importance of providing the social welfare to those who deserve it and need it; in a systematical, institutional, and official manner to include the women, children, elderly, orphans, and the poor. The state has provided direct financial assistance and indirect services to these segments and categories, where special institutions were appointed to perform this task and the state, and the Caliph personally have adopted the caring and wellbeing of these groups. Therefore, the succession or Caliphate of Omar Bin Al-Khattab represents a country with an advanced institutions and a civilized society that recognizes the dignity and rights of human being.

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