International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

The Impact of Women’s Education on Fertility Quantity
Su Wang

The continued decline of the birth rate in the context of the increasingly serious population aging is worrying, and the relaxed fertility policy has not succeeded in stimulating the effective growth of the birth population. This article intends to provide a new perspective for the sluggish birth rate from the perspective of increasing female human capital investment, using the China Comprehensive Social Survey (CGSS),and introducing the 1999 education expansion into Regression Design (RDD) as identification strategy. The results show that the increase in the number of years of education for women has significantly reduced the number of births of their lifetime children, especially the number of boys. Finally, this article expounds the mechanism of the changes in female education and birth from three aspects: age at first marriage and unmarried rate, number of boys giving birth and contraceptive rate.

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